This study was initiated by the International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS (ICW) after a meeting of 200 HIV positive women from all over the world in Cape Town, South Africa, in 1995. It responds to the concerns of these women by providing systematic information on how HIV impacts on women's sexual and reproductive choices and decisions. Thailand was the second country to undertake this study, which was conducted in three regions of Thailand using a participatory research approach entailing the full participation of HIV positive women. The coordinating organization in Thailand is the Institute for Population and Social Research (IPSR), Mahidol University which worked collaboratively with the Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, and the Power of Life Support Group.
The study aims at assisting HIV positive women, AIDS service organizations and policy makers to extend the reproductive options available to women living with HIV including improvements in services to them and their families.